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Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica

Print version ISSN 0104-5687

Abstract

CATTONI, Débora Martins  and  FERNANDES, Fernanda Dreux Miranda. Anthropometric orofacial measurements of children from Sao Paulo and from North America: comparative study. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2009, vol.21, n.1, pp.25-30. ISSN 0104-5687.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872009000100005.

BACKGROUND: anthropometric orofacial measurements of children from Sao Paulo and from North America. AIM: to describe the anthropometric orofacial measurements of children from Sao Paulo and to compare the obtained means to the North American norms. METHOD: participants were 254 children, leukoderm, in mixed dentition period, with ages ranging from 7 to 11 years and 11 months, with no history of speech, language and hearing disorders or treatment. The investigated anthropometric orofacial measurements were the height of the upper lip, the height of lower lip, the length of the philtrum and the height of lower face. In order to obtain these measurements, an electronic digital sliding caliper Starrett Series 727 was used. RESULTS: the obtained data for the height of the upper lip, the height of the lower lip and the height of the lower face are below the means described for North American children. When considering the length of the philtrum, similar results were found between the research sample and North American children. CONCLUSION: the results of the measurements of the present sample referring to the height of the upper lip, the height of the lower lip and height of the lower face are below the values reported for North American children. The North American norms are not valid for the children of our population, except for the length of the philtrum.

Keywords : Face; Measurements; Anthropometry; Child; Stomatognathic System.

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