Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica
versão impressa ISSN 0104-5687
LEVY, Cilmara Cristina Alves da Costa e ROSEMBERG, Sergio. Children with chronic non-progressive encephalopathy: hearing evaluation and hearing aids. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2009, vol.21, n.3, pp. 237-242. ISSN 0104-5687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872009000300010.
AIM: to assess the auditory abilities of children with non-progressive chronic encephalopathy (NPCE), independently of the presence or not of hearing loss, and of the etiology of the encephalopathy; to characterize the benefit of hearing aids in children with NPCE and hearing loss. METHOD: neurologic, otorhinolaryngologic and auditory assessments. Application of the Parent's Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH) protocol. RESULTS: out of the 46 assessed children, 22 (48%) presented no hearing loss and 24 (52%) presented some level of sensorineural hearing loss. Regarding the encephalopathy etiology, most of the participants presented ischemic hypoxic encephalopathy followed by infectious process and kernicterus. The results also indicate that 16 (35%) parents suspected that their child had hearing loss; out of this total, 56% had the hearing loss confirmed. Thirty parents (65%) did not have any hearing complaints about their children. For these children the auditory evaluation indicated that 50% presented some level of hearing loss. The PEACH protocol proved to be effective to assess the benefit of hearing aids. CONCLUSION: the results indicate that over half of participants presented hearing loss. No correlation was observed between etiology and complaints of hearing loss. This means that it is not possible to predict hearing loss based on complaints. All children who presented hearing loss benefited from the use of hearing aids.
Palavras-chave : Chronic Encephalopathy; Hearing; Hearing Auxiliary Device.