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Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica

versão impressa ISSN 0104-5687

Resumo

ABDO, Anila Gabriela Rotger; MURPHY, Cristina Ferraz Borges  e  SCHOCHAT, Eliane. Hearing abilities in children with dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.1, pp.25-30. ISSN 0104-5687.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000100006.

BACKGROUND: auditory processing and co-occurrence of pathologies. AIM: to investigate the performance of children with Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in behavioral and auditory processing tests, comparing the results to a control group. METHOD: participants of the study were 30 children, with ages between 7 and 12 years, divided into three groups: a control group of 10 children, a study group of 10 children with dyslexia and a study group of 10 children with ADHD. All participants were submitted to the following auditory processing tests: Speech in Noise, Dichotic of Digits and Frequency Pattern. RESULTS: concerning the Speech in Noise Test, there was an interactive effect between the control group and the ADHD group (p < 0.001), with the ADHD group presenting a significantly lower performance; for the Dichotic of Digits test, there was an interactive effect between the three groups (p < 0.001), with the ADHD group presenting a lower performance, followed by the dyslexic and control groups; for the Frequency Pattern, there was a marginal effect (p = 0.056) with the ADHA group presenting a lower performance, followed by the dyslexic and control groups. CONCLUSION: the ADHD group presented a poorer performance in all tests when compared to the dyslexic and control groups. This result suggests a relationship between attention and hearing abilities.

Palavras-chave : Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Children; Dyslexia; Hearing.

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