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Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica

versão impressa ISSN 0104-5687

Resumo

CUNHA, Luciana Cristina Matos et al. Validity of the monothermal caloric testing when compared to bithermal stimulation. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.1, pp.67-70. ISSN 0104-5687.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000100013.

BACKGROUND: the use of monothermal caloric testing as a screening tool for vestibular asymmetry has been considered as an alternative to bithermal caloric testing. AIM: to evaluate the effectiveness of monothermal stimulation when compared to bithermal stimulation in the diagnosis of labyrinth asymmetry. METHOD: the results of 389 vectoelectronystagmography, performed between 1998 and 2007, were analyzed. Monothermal stimulation at 30oC and 44ºC with unilateral weakness (UW) cut-off at 20% and 25% was compared to bithermal stimulation with cut-off at 25% (gold standard). The analysis was aimed at finding which kind of monothermal caloric test (30oC or 44oC) and which kind of cut-off (20% or 25%) presented the highest specificity and sensitivity values in comparison with bithermal caloric testing. RESULTS: sensitivity and specificity of monothermal caloric tests were: 84% and 80%, at 30°C with UW at 20%; 78% and 90%, at 30°C with UW at 25%; 81% and 78%, at 44°C with UW at 20%; 76% and 85%, at 44°C with UW at 25%. CONCLUSION: monothermal caloric testing with 30°C stimulus presented the highest sensibility and specificity values in comparison to the results obtained with bithermal stimulation. However, no significant difference was observed between such values and those obtained with 44°C stimulus. In all of the analyses, monothermal testing presented low sensitivity. Thus, the abnormal result of bithermal caloric testing might be seen as normal in monothermal stimulation. The use of monothermal testing as a screening tool is better recommended for individuals whose medical history suggests a low probability of vestibular disease.

Palavras-chave : Electronystagmography; Caloric Tests; Dizziness.

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