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Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica
Print version ISSN 0104-5687
DIAS, Roberta Freitas; MELO, Roberta Michelon; MEZZOMO, Carolina Lisbôa and MOTA, Helena Bolli. Extralinguistic variables, gender and age, in the self-awareness of speech impairment. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.4, pp.439-444. ISSN 0104-5687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000400013.
BACKGROUND: self-awareness of speech impairment according to the following extralinguistic variables: gender and age. AIM: to examine the influence of gender and age on the self-awareness of speech impairment. METHOD: participants were 24 children with the diagnosis of phonological disorder, 15 boys and 9 girls, with ages ranging between 5:0 and 7:7 years. For this group the assessment of self-awareness of speech impairment was perfomed. RESULTS: results indicated that 45.83% of the subjects presented self-awareness of speech impairment. There were no significant statistical differences between the studied extralinguistic variables and the self-awareness of speech impairment. However, a higher self-awareness of speech impairment was observed for six-year-old male children. CONCLUSION: children with phonological disorder can be self-aware of speech impairment; gender and age are not important factors for the development of this ability.
Keywords : Speech; Speech Disorders; Speech Perception; Age and Sex Distribution.