Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica
Print version ISSN 0104-5687
LIMA-GREGIO, Aveliny Mantovan et al. Achados espectrais das vogais [a] e [ã] em diferentes aberturas velofaríngeas. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.4, pp. 515-520. ISSN 0104-5687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000400026.
BACKGROUND: the size control of velopharyngeal opening is an important variable for the acoustic profile characterization of hypernasal speech. AIM: to investigate frequency spectral aspects of F1, F2, F3, nasal formant (FN) and anti-formant, in Hertz, for vowels [a] and at different velopharyngeal openings produced in the bulb of a palatal prosthesis replica used by a patient with velopharyngeal insufficiency. METHOD: speech recordings were obtained for four words ("pato/mato" and "panto/manto") produced within a carrier phrase in 5 conditions of velopharyngeal functioning: prosthesis with no openings (control condition: CC); prosthesis with bulb opening of 10mm2 (experimental condition with 10mm2 opening: EC10), prosthesis with a 20mm2 opening (EC20), prosthesis with a 30mm2 openning (EC30), and without the prosthesis (ECO). Five speech-language pathologists made a live rating of speech nasality during the reading of an oral passage. The recordings were used for spectral analysis. RESULTS: F1 values were significantly higher for [a] when compared to in all conditions. F2 values for [a] in EC20 and EC30 were significantly lower than values in the other conditions, being closer to the values presented for . F3 values were not significantly different between the testing conditions. There was a relationship between FN and anti-formants, and the auditory perception of nasality for conditions EC10 and EC20. CONCLUSION: significant changes were observed in the studied spectral values according to changes in the velopharyngeal opening size.
Keywords : Velopharyngeal Insufficiency; Oral Fistula; Palatal Obturators; Spectrum Analysis.