História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
versão impressa ISSN 0104-5970
VENANCIO, Ana Teresa A.. From the agricultural colony to the hospital-colony: configurations for psychiatric care in Brazil in the first half of the twentieth century. Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos [online]. 2011, vol.18, suppl.1, pp. 35-52. ISSN 0104-5970. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-59702011000500003.
The meanings given to the institutional model of the colonies in psychiatric care in Brazil are assessed, duly considering their different configurations in the context of public health policies in the first half of the twentieth century. The central thread of this analysis is the case of the Colônia Juliano Moreira, an institution founded in 1924 in Rio de Janeiro. It seeks to show the meaning attributed to the concept of agricultural colony and its importance in shaping the Colônia Juliano Moreira, in order to understand how the ideological precept of agricultural colony was translated into the concept of hospital-colony from the 1940s onwards, when this institution experienced a steady process of marked expansion of its physical structure and its therapeutic resources.
Palavras-chave : psychiatric care; agricultural colony; Colônia Juliano Moreira; history of psychiatry; Brazil.