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História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
Print version ISSN 0104-5970
CASTELO, Cláudia. Scientific research and Portuguese colonial policy: developments and articulations, 1936-1974. Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.2, pp. 391-408. ISSN 0104-5970. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-59702012000200003.
The development of a colonial scientific policy by the Portuguese state in the twentieth century is investigated by studying the Junta de Investigações do Ultramar. Directly subordinated to the Ministério das Colônias/do Ultramar and based in Lisbon, this entity's main attribute was to coordinate the scientific studies to be undertaken in colonial territories under Portuguese rule. The aim is to identify the institution's origins and objectives, to understand how its activities tied in with colonial policies, to detect what impacts the international scenario had on its trajectory and its strategic options. Special attention is given to the period that started after the Second World War, which was aligned with the mirage of development and reacted against the progress of the anti-colonial movement.
Keywords : scientific missions; colonialism; Portuguese empire; Junta de Investigações do Ultramar; Portugal.