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História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
Print version ISSN 0104-5970
PINA, Madalena Esperança and CORREIA, Manuel. Egas Moniz (1874-1955): culture and science. Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.2, pp. 431-450. ISSN 0104-5970. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-59702012000200005.
On the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of the award in 1949, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine granted to Egas Moniz and Walter Rudolf Hess, the circumstances that explain the unique Nobel award require elucidation. Attention is drawn to the biographical traits of Egas Moniz, which are also those of many doctors of his generation, as well as the details which relate to the process of nomination and scientific appraisal to be eligible for the Nobel Prize. Aspects of the link between culture and science are also discussed, including the controversies surrounding the award conferred upon him.
Keywords : Egas Moniz (1874-1955); Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; arterial encephalography; cerebral angiography; prefrontal leucotomy.