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História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos

versão impressa ISSN 0104-5970

Resumo

ROLLO, Maria Fernanda; QUEIROZ, Maria Inês  e  BRANDAO, Tiago. The sea as science: ocean research institutions and strategies in Portugal in the twentieth century (from the First Republic to democracy). Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos [online]. 2014, vol.21, n.3, pp.847-865. ISSN 0104-5970.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-59702014000300004.

Historical perspective has revealed the many aspects of Portugal’s interest in the sea, evident in a series of initiatives and entities throughout the twentieth century. From the beginning of the century until the 1974 Revolution, the genesis of organizations devoted to the scientific study of the sea is analyzed, observing their specific missions in the context of the formulation of science policy, and more specifically “ocean policies.” The Portuguese valued knowledge of the sea due to their maritime vocation, coastal life and geographic position. Traversing different historical and political contexts and development cycles, the assumptions and political implications that accentuate the strategic dimension of science policy, visible in the geopolitical affirmation of oceanography, are studied.

Palavras-chave : scientific institutions; science policies; oceanography; ocean; Portugal.

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