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História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos

Print version ISSN 0104-5970On-line version ISSN 1678-4758


ALMEIDA-FILHO, Naomar. The impact of Cabanis reform on medical education in Brazil: an essay in neo-Foucauldian archeology. Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos [online]. 2019, vol.26, n.2, pp.385-405.  Epub June 19, 2019. ISSN 0104-5970.

This text assesses the impact of the Cabanis reform on the formation of the health training model which became hegemonic in Brazil. First, we shall briefly discuss the process of constructing the social, ideological, and institutional framework for healthcare in post-revolutionary France. Next the main elements of the Cabanis reform are introduced, analyzing curricular and pedagogical aspects of the new plan for medical education based on professionalism, disciplines, and expertise that resulted in a system of higher education without universities. This is followed by assessment of the historical process which resulted in the “Francization” of the Brazilian educational system, particularly in higher education and more specifically medical education, producing a model of health training based on colleges, hospitals, classrooms, disciplines, skills, and diplomas.

Keywords : Georges Cabanis (1757-1808; French Revolution; higher education; medical education.

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