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Opinião Pública

Print version ISSN 0104-6276

Abstract

MOISES, José Álvaro. Os significados da democracia segundo os brasileiros. Opin. Publica [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.2, pp.269-309. ISSN 0104-6276.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-62762010000200001.

20 years after democracy was reestablished in Brazil, Brazilians give support to the democratic regime but distrust public institutions. The paper exams the meanings of democracy according to common people's answers to an open-end question: "What is democracy?", included in surveys undertaken by the author in 1989, 1990, 1993 and 2006. Bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses were undertaken in order to advance the knowledge about the meanings of democracy, its determinants and the nature of the growing normative adherence to the democratic regime in the country. Data has shown that Brazilians define democracy in terms of liberties, freedom and institutional procedures; surprisingly the dimension relative to social benefits has no important impact on the results. Both definitions, related to a normative and a pragmatic perspectives, are relevant for democratic consolidation and the quality of democracy, and are integral components of the democratic process.

Keywords : democracy; political support; representative institutions; political culture.

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