Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society
On-line version ISSN 1678-4804
HEINEN, Milton Roberto and ENGEL, Paulo Martins. NLOOK: a computational attention model for robot vision. J. Braz. Comp. Soc. [online]. 2009, vol.15, n.3, pp. 3-17. ISSN 1678-4804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03194502.
The computational models of visual attention, originally proposed as cognitive models of human attention, nowadays are being used as front-ends to some robotic vision systems, like automatic object recognition and landmark detection. However, these kinds of applications have different requirements from those originally proposed. More specifically, a robotic vision system must be relatively insensitive to 2D similarity transforms of the image, as in-plane translations, rotations, reflections and scales, and it should also select fixation points in scale as well as position. In this paper a new visual attention model, called NLOOK, is proposed. This model is validated through several experiments, which show that it is less sensitive to 2D similarity transforms than other two well known and publicly available visual attention models: NVT and SAFE. Besides, NLOOK can select more accurate fixations than other attention models, and it can select the scales of fixations, too. Thus, the proposed model is a good tool to be used in robot vision systems.
Keywords : robot vision; visual attention; selective attention; focus of attention; biomimetic vision.