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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering

Print version ISSN 0104-6632On-line version ISSN 1678-4383

Abstract

PEREIRA, C.C.; NOBREGA, R.  and  BORGES, C.P.. Spinning process variables and polymer solution effects in the die-swell phenomenon during hollow fiber membranes formation. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2000, vol.17, n.4-7, pp.599-606. ISSN 0104-6632.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322000000400024.

During hollow fiber spinning many variables are involved whose effects are still not completely clear. However, its understanding is of great interest because the control of these variables may originate membranes with the desired morphologies and physical properties. In this work, the phase inversion process induced by the immersion precipitation technique was applied to prepare hollow fibers membranes. It was verified that some of the variables involved, can promote a visco-elastic polymer solution expansion, called die-swell phenomenon, which is undesired since it may lead to low reproducibility of the permeation properties. The effects of the distance between spinneret and precipitation bath, the bore liquid composition, and the polymer solution composition were analyzed and discussed in order to avoid this phenomenon. According to the results, it was verified that the parameters investigated might promote a delay precipitation, which restrained the visco-elastic expansion.

Keywords : hollow fiber; die-swell; membrane formation.

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