Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
versión On-line ISSN 0104-6632
NARIMATSU, C.P. y FERREIRA, M.C.. Vertical pneumatic conveying in dilute and dense-phase flows: experimental study of the influence of particle density and diameter on fluid dynamic behavior. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2001, vol.18, n.3, pp. 221-232. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322001000300002.
In this work, the effects of particle size and density on the fluid dynamic behavior of vertical gas-solid transport of Group D particles in a 53.4 mm diameter transport tube were studied. For the conditions tested, the experimental curves of pressure gradient versus air velocity presented a minimum pressure gradient point, which is associated with a change in the flow regime from dense to dilute phase. The increases in particle size from 1.00 to 3.68 mm and in density from 935 to 2500 kg/m3 caused an increase in pressure gradient for the dense-phase transport region, but were not relevant in dilute transport. The transition velocity between dense and dilute flow (Umin) also increased with increasing particle density and diameter. An empirical equation was fitted for predicting transition air velocity for the transport of glass spheres. Additional experiments, covering a wider range of conditions and particles properties, are still needed to allow the fitting of a generalized equation for prediction of Umin.
Palabras clave : pneumatic conveying; coarse particles; flow regimes; transition velocity.