Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
versión impresa ISSN 0104-6632
SPITZNER NETO, P.I.; CUNHA, F.O. y FREIRE, J.T.. The influence of paste feed on the minimum spouting velocity. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2001, vol.18, n.3, pp. 243-251. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322001000300004.
Due to the lack of reliable mathematical models for predicting the minimum spouting velocity in spouted bed dryers, in this work a new model is proposed that takes into account the effects of adhesive forces acting on particle agglomerates due to the presence of pastes. The results are compared with experimental data reported by Spitzner and Freire (2001), obtained by the continuous feeding of egg paste into a spouted bed, and with additional data obtained for batch feeding of glycerol into the same bed. The equipment was a conical spouted bed with a 0.05 m inlet diameter, a 60° cone angle, and a 0.21 m cone height. Glass spheres with a diameter of 2.6x10-3 m were used as inert particles. It was observed that as saturation increases, the minimum spouting velocity increases for egg paste and decreases for glycerol. The results indicate that there are different forces acting on the bed of particles depending on the paste and operating conditions. The mathematical model provided good predictions only for egg paste, although the values for minimum spouting velocity were slightly overestimated.
Palabras llave : Spouted bed dryer; egg paste; glycerol; minimum spouting velocity; mathematical model.