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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering

versão impressa ISSN 0104-6632versão On-line ISSN 1678-4383

Resumo

LUNA, C.L.; MARIANO, R.L.R.  e  SOUTO-MAIOR, A.M.. Production of a biocontrol agent for crucifers black rot disease. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2002, vol.19, n.2, pp.133-140. ISSN 0104-6632.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322002000200007.

Of nine epiphytic isolates of the genus Bacillus, only B. subtilis R14, B. pumilus C116, B. megaterium pv. cerealis RAB7, and B. cereus C210 showed antibiotic activity when tested in vitro against the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris LFR-3. Aiming product a biocontrol agent for black rot in crucifers, the production of B. subtilis R14 was evaluated in a batch bioreactor. Rapid growth was observed in a medium containing molasses and yeast extract as C-source and N-source, respectively. During the exponential growth phase, the specific growth rate was 1.2 h-1. A quick sporulation was also observed in a C/N well-balanced medium. After the sporulation phase, maximum viable spore concentrations around 109 CFU/mL were obtained. Preliminary sedimentation tests at different pH values showed better biomass separation efficiencies at low pH values.

Palavras-chave : biocontrol agent; antibiotic activity; epiphytic; genus Bacillus; bacterium Xanthomonas.

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