Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
SILVA, D. L. and BRUNNER, G.. Desorption of heavy metals from ion exchange resin with water and carbon dioxide. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.2, pp. 213-218. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322006000200008.
Adsorption and regeneration of ion exchange resins were studied using a subcritical solution of a CO2-H2O mixture and a fixed bed column. The commercial Amberlite IRC-50/IRC-86 cation exchange resins and Amberlite IRA-67 anion exchange resin were tested for heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd) adsorption from a solution with different initial metal concentrations at different temperatures. After adsorption, the loaded resins were regenerated with water and carbon dioxide at different temperatures and a pressure of 25 MPa. The efficiency of the IRC-50 resin was lower than that of the IRC-86 resin for the adsorption of metals like Cd, Cu and Pb. Results obtained for desorption of these metals indicated that the process could be used for Cd and in principle for Cu. Sorption of metal ions depended strongly on feed concentration. Mathematical modeling of the metal desorption process was carried out successfully as an extraction process. For this purpose, the VTII Model, which is applied to extraction from solids using supercritical solvents, was used in this work.
Keywords : Adsorption and regeneration; Ion exchange; Carbon dioxide.