Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
PINOTTI, L. M.; SILVA, R. G.; ZANGIROLAMI, T. C. and GIORDANO, R. L. C.. Maintenance of penicillin G acylase expression by B. megaterium: preservation methods and activity recovery. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.3, pp. 307-313. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322007000300001.
This work reports the influence of different culture preservation methods on the production of penicillin G acylase (PGA) by Bacillus megaterium ATCC 14945. The initial stock culture, presenting PGA activity of 97 IU l-1, was preserved for two years using different procedures: monthly subculturing and storage in refrigerator (S), freeze-drying using skim milk 10%, plus inositol 5% as cryoprotectors (L1), freeze-drying using sucrose 7%, plus peptone 7% (L2), and freezing with glycerol 10% (F). After cultivations at standard operational conditions, different values of enzyme activity were obtained: 56 IU l-1 for monthly subculturing (S), 15-41 IU l-1 for freeze-dried cells and frozen spores. All the tested methods have failed in preserving the PGA expression. Among all tested cultures, S presented the highest specific activity, and was used to prepare a standard inoculum in cryovials (-50ºC, frozen spores in a 20% glycerol solution). By cultivation of this inoculum under different conditions, it was found that PGA activity raised to 128 IU l-1 when 0.4 g l-1 of salts was added to the medium.
Keywords : B. megaterium; Cryovials; Cryoprotectors; Penicillin G Acylase; Preservation methods.