Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
JIN, H.; ZHANG, J. and ZHANG, B.. The effect of vibration on bed voidage behaviors in fluidized beds with large particles. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.3, pp. 389-397. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322007000300008.
The effects of vibration parameters, operating conditions and material properties on bed voidage were investigated using an optical fiber probe approach in a vibrating fluidized bed with a diameter of 148 mm. Variables studied included frequency (0-282 s-1), amplitude (0 mm-1 mm), bed height (0.1 m-0.4 m) as well as four kinds of particles (belonging to Geldart's B and D groups). The axial and radial voidage distribution with vibration is compared with that without vibration, which shows vibration can aid in the fluidization behaviors of particles. For a larger vibration amplitude, the vibration seriously affects bed voidage. The vibration energy can damp out for particle layers with increasing the bed height. According to analysis of experimental data, an empirical correlation for predicting bed voidage, giving good agreement with the experimental data and a deviation within ±15%, was proposed.
Keywords : Vibrating fluidized beds; Voidage; Vibration intensity.