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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering

versão impressa ISSN 0104-6632


XU, Jiasheng et al. Esterification process to synthesize isopropyl chloroacetate catalyzed by lanthanum dodecyl sulfate. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.2, pp.259-264. ISSN 0104-6632.

Isopropyl chloroacetate has been synthesized by esterification of chloroacetic acid and isopropanol, using lanthanum dodecyl sulfate (LDDS) as the catalyst. Various factors that affected the esterification have been investigated, such as reaction time, different water-carrying agent and the amount of catalyst. Under the condition of 1.2/1 molar ratio of isopropanol to chloroacetic acid, 1.0% catalyst (molar percent of chloroacetic acid), 2.5 h reaction time, 5 mL cyclohexane as water-carrying agent and reflux temperature, the esterification conversion of isopropyl chloroacetate reaches 98.3%. The catalytic activity of LDDS is almost equal to that of a BrØnsted acid. LDDS, as one kind of water-tolerant Lewis acid, is an excellent catalyst compared to the traditional Lewis acid.

Palavras-chave : Isopropyl chloroacetate; Lanthanum dodecyl sulfate; Esterification; Water-tolerant Lewis acid; FTIR.

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