Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
MALEKPOUR, A.; SAMADI-MAYBODI, A. and SADATI, M. R.. Desalination of aqueous solutions by LTA and MFI zeolite membranes using pervaporation method. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.4, pp. 669-677. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322011000400012.
LTA and MFI zeolite membranes were hydrothermally grown on the surface of an α-alumina porous support. The synthesized membranes were used for removal of cationic and anionic species from aqueous solutions by the pervaporation method. The perfection of the membranes was improved by employing the multi-stage synthesis method. The membranes were characterized by XRD, SEM and IR methods. The membranes were initially evaluated by the pervaporation separation of water from aqueous 2-propanol mixtures. The separation factors obtained were 7081 and 105 for NaA and ZSM-5 membranes, respectively. The ability of membranes for desalination of some aqueous solutions containing I-, Cs+ and Sr2+ ions was examined in various conditions. These ionic species were chosen because of their importance in the nuclear sciences. Both membranes effectively removed (more than 99 wt%) I-, Cs+ and Sr2+ from their singlesalt solutions (0.001mol dm-3) over a temperature range of 298-338 K. The effects of parameters such as time and temperature on the separation factors and fluxes were investigated. This work shows that, due to their excellent chemical, thermal and mechanical stability, the zeolitic membranes are useful for desalination of aqueous solutions and treating saline wastewaters by pervaporation. Therefore, this method has the ability to desalinate harsh environment solutions involving strong solvent and radioactive components.
Keywords : Desalination; Zeolite membranes; Pervaporation (PV); Ion rejection; Wastewater treatment.