Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
FERNANDEZ, L. et al. Solubility improvement of an anthelmintic benzimidazole carbamate by association with dendrimers. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.4, pp. 679-689. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322011000400013.
The improvement of aqueous solubility of methyl (5-[propylthio]-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl) carbamate, albendazole (ABZ) using polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers as solubility enhancers was investigated. Full generation PAMAM dendrimers with amine terminal groups, (G3), with hydroxyl terminal groups (G3OH) and half generation PAMAM dendrimers with carboxylate terminal groups (G2.5 and G3.5), were chosen for this study. The nature of dendrimer-ABZ association was investigated by UV absorption, fluorescence emission measurements and by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The results obtained show that these polymeric structures have the capacity to enhance the solubility of ABZ, both lipophilic and specific hydrogen bond interactions contributing to the guest-host association. Although all studied dendrimers have hydrophobic internal nanoenvironments with similar dimensions, their surfaces differ significantly and the nature and the localization of the interactions involved in ABZ-dendrimer association depend on the type of terminal groups.
Keywords : Dendrimer; Solubility; Albendazole; Anthelmintic; Host-guest interaction.