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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
versão On-line ISSN 0104-6632
SANCINETTI, G. P. et al. Phenol degradation in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor packed with low density support materials. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.1, pp. 87-98. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322012000100010.
The objective of this research was to study phenol degradation in anaerobic fluidized bed reactors (AFBR) packed with polymeric particulate supports (polystyrene - PS, polyethylene terephthalate - PET, and polyvinyl chloride - PVC). The reactors were operated with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 24 h. The influent phenol concentration in the AFBR varied from 100 to 400 mg L-1, resulting in phenol removal efficiencies of ~100%. The formation of extracellular polymeric substances yielded better results with the PVC particles; however, deformations in these particles proved detrimental to reactor operation. PS was found to be the best support for biomass attachment in an AFBR for phenol removal. The AFBR loaded with PS was operated to analyze the performance and stability for phenol removal at feed concentrations ranging from 50 to 500 mg L-1. The phenol removal efficiency ranged from 90-100%.
Palavras-chave : Phenol; Anaerobic fluidized bed reactor; Biofilm; Polymeric particles.