Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
GOSWAMI, D.; DE, S. and BASU, J. K.. Effects of process variables and additives on mustard oil hydrolysis by porcine pancreas lipase. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp. 449-460. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322012000300002.
Selective hydrolysis of brown mustard oil (from Brassica juncea) with regioselective porcine pancreas lipase was studied in this work. Buffer and oil phase were considered as the continuous and dispersed phases, respectively. Effects of speed of agitation, pH of the buffer phase, temperature, buffer-oil ratio and enzyme concentration on hydrolysis were observed. The best combination of process variables was: 900 rpm, pH 9, 35 ºC, buffer-oil ratio of 1:1 and enzyme concentration of 10 mg/g oil. These standard conditions led to 50% hydrolysis and selective production of 55% erucic acid in 6 h. Cations like Mg2+ and Ca2+ increased hydrolysis, but Cu2+ strongly inhibited it. Organic solvents decreased hydrolysis, though the decrease was minimum for isooctane. A mixed surfactant comprising of Span 80 and Tween 80 increased erucic acid production by 57% at a buffer-oil ratio of 0.2:1.
Keywords : Mustard oil; Porcine pancreas lipase; Hydrolysis; Erucic acid; Surfactant.