Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
PAIVA, L. B. and MORALES, A. R.. Organophilic bentonites based on argentinean and Brazilian bentonites: Part 1: influence of intrinsic properties of sodium bentonites on the final properties of organophilic bentonites prepared by solid-liquid and semisolid reactions. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp. 525-536. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322012000300010.
This study describes the influence of the intrinsic properties of raw materials on the organophilization of bentonites from Argentinean raw sodium bentonites and Brazilian sodium activated bentonites. The organophilization was done with two methodologies: solid-liquid and semisolid reactions. Correlations between the properties of sodium and organophilic bentonites were established. The effectiveness of the treatments was verified by X-ray diffraction, swelling capacity in water and xylene and SEM to evaluate the morphology of the particles. The analysis was done before and after the modification process. The bentonites had organic cations intercalated, as shown by the increase of the basal spacings, and the organophilic character was confirmed because the bentonites showed xylene swelling capacity and particles with an expanded aspect in comparison to those of the sodium bentonites. Both methodologies were efficient to obtain organophilic clays. The organophilic bentonites obtained from raw sodium bentonites gave better results.
Keywords : Bentonite; Montmorillonite; Distearyl dimethylammonium chloride; Organoclays.