Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering
On-line version ISSN 0104-6632
NAMVAR-MAHBOUB, M. and PAKIZEH, M.. Experimental study of lactose hydrolysis and separation in cstr-uf membrane reactor. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp. 613-618. ISSN 0104-6632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322012000300018.
In this study, the effect of processing conditions on the performance of continuous stirred tank -ultrafiltration (CSTR-UF) in dead - end mode was investigated. An UF membrane with a molecular weight cutoff of 3 kDa made of regenerated cellulose material was used to separate enzyme from products. The effect of operating pressure ranging between 2 and 5 bar and time on the performance of the CSTR-UF system was studied. The experiments were performed with a 0.139 molar aqueous solution of lactose as feed. According to the experimental data, the lactose concentration in the permeate decreased with time due to concentration polarization and hydrolysis. It was found that the rejection factor of lactose increases from 33 to 77% with time from 5 to 85 min. Permeation flux of the membrane was evaluated in terms of pure water flux (PWF) and lactose aqueous solution. Results showed that a high operating pressure led to a high permeation flux for both mentioned cases. Also, adding lactose and enzyme to pure water caused a reduction of the permeation flux due to concentration polarization.
Keywords : Hydrolysis of lactose; Reactor membrane; CSTR-UF; Whey; Ultrafiltration.