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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering

Print version ISSN 0104-6632On-line version ISSN 1678-4383

Abstract

MATRAS, Z.  and  KOPICZAK, B.. THE EFFECT OF SURFACTANT AND HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYMER ADDITION ON PRESSURE DROP REDUCTION IN PIPE FLOW. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.933-943. ISSN 0104-6632.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-6632.20160334s20150440.

The main aim of this paper is to present a possibility to enhance the drag reduction effect in straight pipe flow by the simultaneous addition to the transported liquid of a small amount of high molecular weight polymers and surfactants. Qualitative analysis of the polymer-micellar additive influence on the shape and character of flow resistance curves has been performed. Also multicomponent polymer-micellar solution flow resistance curves were compared with appropriate single additive polymer or surfactant solution flow resistance curves. The experimental data shows that, for polymer-micellar solutions, the stable transitional zone between the laminar and the turbulent flow regions is extended toward higher values of the critical Reynolds numbers. Occurrence of the phenomenon can be explained by the flow laminarization caused by polymer-micellar aggregates. Existence of the third extended drag reduction zone in the turbulent range of flow has also been observed for the first time.

Keywords : Non-Newtonian flow; Pressure drops reduction; Polymer-surfactant additive; Polymer-micellar aggregate.

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