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vol.34 número1EFFECTS OF NANOPARTICLES AND SURFACTANT CHARGE GROUPS ON THE PROPERTIES OF VES GELEVALUATION OF LIMESTONE IMPURITIES IN THE DESULFURIZATION PROCESS OF COAL COMBUSTION GAS índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering

versão impressa ISSN 0104-6632versão On-line ISSN 1678-4383

Resumo

NIEHUES, E.  e  QUADRI, M. G. N.. SPINNABILITY, MORPHOLOGY AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF GELATINS WITH DIFFERENT BLOOM INDEX. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.1, pp.253-261. ISSN 0104-6632.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-6632.20170341s20150418.

The influence of the concentration, viscosity, electrical conductivity and Bloom index of gelatin solutions on the electrospinning process and the fibrous membrane formed was evaluated. Electrospun membranes were produced at different concentrations for three Bloom values (90, 250 and 280); the solutions were evaluated in terms of viscosity and electrical conductivity and the fibrous membranes by SEM and tensile tests. Results indicate that the electrospinning was most successful when the solution viscosity was within the range of 300 to 700 mPa·s, regardless of the type of gelatin used in the investigated conditions. The average fiber diameter increased with the increased solution viscosity and the relationship between them was well described by a linear equation. With regard to the mechanical properties, GeB250 and GeB280 fibrous membranes showed elongation, on average, at least ten times higher than that of GeB90 membranes.

Palavras-chave : Electrospinning; Biopolymer; Physical characterization.

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