versão impressa ISSN 0104-7183
CHAGAS, Miriam de Fátima. A política do reconhecimento dos "remanescentes das comunidades dos quilombos". Horiz. antropol. [online]. 2001, vol.7, n.15, pp. 209-235. ISSN 0104-7183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-71832001000100009.
The paper discusses the limitations and possibilities of a constitutional law that guarantees the regularization of the ownership of land belonging to the communities denominated "remainders of the communities of the quilombos", coming to represent the aknowledgement of cultural and socio-historical specificities. This issue is examined through a discussion about the anthropological reports required in legal procedures involving claims of ownership of property based on the application of article 68 of the 1988 Brazilian Constitution. Starting with some ethnographic examples present in the reports, the aim is to find indications which can bring under discussion the stereotypes of the Quilombo, the constitution of political subjects and the implementation of projects. Lastly, the paradoxes implied in these communities' claims are discussed, as a policy aknowledging the right to difference is established.
Palavras-chave : antropological reports; constitucional law; cultural diversity; "remainder communities of the quilombos".