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Horizontes Antropológicos

versão impressa ISSN 0104-7183versão On-line ISSN 1806-9983


LIMA, Fernanda Luíza Teixeira  e  CARVALHO, Aline Vieira de. Memories under construction: the present and the past of the Chilean military dictatorship represented in the Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos. Horiz. antropol. [online]. 2019, vol.25, n.53, pp.81-105.  Epub 25-Abr-2019. ISSN 0104-7183.

In the last twenty-five years, in the Southern Cone countries, the debate over the forms of remembrance of the dictatorial past included a vast process of memorization characterized by the construction of museum spaces that recall the human rights violations perpetrated by the military civilian dictatorship. Much of the revitalization and construction of these spaces was led by some sectors of civil society, who erected monuments and memorials in honor of the victims, and also recovered old torture centers turning them into museological spaces. In this context marked by conflicts and negotiations, the patrimony assumes diverse forms and functions, sometimes it is configured as an extension of power and violence, sometimes as a representation of a path of reparation and reconciliation. Seeking to understand the mobilization movement of this past in the present, this article intends to make an analysis of the work Geometría de la conciencia, by Alfredo Jaar, and the permanent exhibition of the Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos, in Chile, an institution resulting from the governmental and civil initiative, focusing on the analysis of two specific axes: the memory of repression and the place of the victims of the Chilean military dictatorship.

Palavras-chave : memory; dictatorship; Chile; place of memory.

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