Print version ISSN 0104-7760
SALIS, Suzana Maria; LEHN, Carlos Rodrigo; PADILHA, Daly Roxana Castro and MATTOS, Patrícia Póvoa. Changes in the structure due to strong winds in forest areas in the Pantanal, Brazil. CERNE [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.3, pp.387-395. ISSN 0104-7760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-77602012000300005.
The Pantanal climate presents marked seasonality and eventually strong winds occur, especially in the beginning of the rainy season, which may last from September or October until April. A phytosociological study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a strong wind on the composition and structure of two forest formations in Pantanal wetland, a semideciduous forest (19º 15' 32"S and 55º 45' 23.7"W) and a forested savanna - "cerradão" (19º 17' 21"S and 55º 45' 8.9"W), with trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) > 5 cm. After the strong wind, a reduction of 6% of the basal area and volume in the semideciduous forest was observed, mainly due to the uprooting of Xylopia aromatica trees. In the forested savanna, the basal area and volume reduction was even higher; an estimated 10%, representing 69 uprooted trees per hectare, mainly of Copaifera martii trees. In both areas it was observed that the uprooted trees presented an average height and diameter bigger than the trees that remained intact. Usually, the trees that were uprooted presented higher wood density and the species that had broken branches had a lower density.
Keywords : Basal area; natural disturbance; savanna forest; semideciduous forest.