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vol.26 número1IS BIOTIC INTEGRITY OF URBAN FORESTS REMANTS RELATED WITH THEIR SIZE AND SHAPE? índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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CERNE

versão impressa ISSN 0104-7760versão On-line ISSN 2317-6342

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SILVA, Eliane Lopes da et al. EVALUATION OF POLY(VINYL ALCOHOL) ADDITION EFFECT ON NANOFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE FILMS CHARACTERISTICS. CERNE [online]. 2020, vol.26, n.1, pp.1-8.  Epub 17-Jun-2020. ISSN 2317-6342.  https://doi.org/10.1590/01047760202026012654.

In this study, based on the mechanical shear treatment, the cellulosic pulp was fibrillated in nanofibrils dispersed in aqueous suspension. Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) matrix - Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) nanocomposite films’ were prepared by casting from NFC/PVA suspension mixtures. The thermal and mechanical properties of the obtained films were evaluated. Low levels (2, 5 and 10 wt%) of PVA were used as an additive in a nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) matrix. The predominant use of NFC, with superior properties due to its purity, with an efficient and environmentally friendly method, has allowed the production of NFC-based biodegradable materials with enhanced properties for high-level applications. The addition of PVA to the NFC matrix produced positive results, as it causes little aesthetic interference, without changes in surface brightness. After the addition of PVA the films showed a great gain in mechanical strength, increasing by 24% in Young’s modulus with the addition of 10% PVA. Even after addition, the samples’ chemical composition remains unchanged and the mixture shows a decrease in the film surface hydrophilicity when compared to pure NFC. Composite material thermal analysis indicates that thermal degradation temperatures remain unchanged after the addition of PVA. Although PVA is not very temperature resistant, in the proportions used, NFC thermal resistance is preserved.

Palavras-chave : Cellulose Nanofibers; Composite Films; Mechanical properties; PVA Addition.

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