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Varia Historia

Print version ISSN 0104-8775On-line version ISSN 1982-4343


PORRAS GALLO, María Isabel. Professional renovation and reorganization in time of crisis, pharmacists and veterinarians during the influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 in Spain. Varia hist. [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.42, pp.477-498. ISSN 0104-8775.

This paper studies the role that pharmacists and veterinarians played during the influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 in Spain, and assesses how this health crisis became an element of the dynamic process of renewal and reorganization of the health professional in SpainThe study shows how a part of the pharmacists and, to a lesser extent, the veterinarians followed the example of the physicians, presenting themselves as "experts" by turning to the laboratory to manage the crisis, and taking advantage of the situation to press long-standing professional demandsThere was another contrasting attitude, where the claims for professional improvement occupied centre stage without implying abandonment of their traditional rolesFrom this position, pharmacists blamed the epidemic and the measures taken against it for the deterioration of their situation, and called for government assistance to improve their position, while veterinarians maintained a lively campaign in favour of their demands.

Keywords : 1918-1919's influenza; pharmacists; veterinarian; Spain.

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