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Print version ISSN 0104-8775
SANTOS, Beatriz Catão Cruz. Brotherhood, artisans and citizenship in Eighteenth century Rio de Janeiro. Varia hist. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.43, pp. 131-153. ISSN 0104-8775. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-87752010000100008.
The article suggests a reflection on the insertion means of the artisans in the Rio de Janeiro political community, during the 18th century. For this purpose it focus the artisan’s brotherhoods, considered as a socialization forms, that has as reference the catholic church and the monarchy. The expertise in the trade was a criterion for the admission, be the brothers free, freed men or slaves. In particular, are analyzed the cases of Saint George’s brotherhood - that joined together basically the iron and fire trades - and Saint Joseph’s brotherhood - that brought together carpenters, masons and joiners. In general terms, the objective is to investigate the nature and the conditions of citizenship of the trades in a society of the old Portuguese regime, from the relations between the brotherhoods, the craftsmen and the municipal council.
Keywords : citizenship; brotherhood; welfare.