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Soldagem & Inspeção

versão impressa ISSN 0104-9224

Resumo

SOUZA, Carla Soares et al. Evaluation of multipass welding of thick lean duplex stainless steel UNS S32304 plates welded by SMAW, GMAW and FCAW - : corrosion resistance. Soldag. insp. [online]. 2013, vol.18, n.3, pp.257-267. ISSN 0104-9224.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-92242013000300008.

Duplex stainless steels (DSS's) have been placed as an excellent alternative for applications where high corrosion resistance and high mechanical strength are required. However, the DSS's, including the lean duplex stainless steels, present lower weldability than the austenitic stainless steels. This study aims to evaluate the corrosion resistance of welded joints using multipass welding of lean duplex stainless alloy UNS S32304 plates 22 mm thick, using the SMAW, GMAW and FCAW consumables with two types of chemical composition, 22%Cr9%Ni3%Mo and 23%Cr7%Ni, giving a total of six experiments. The welded joints were evaluated using the anodic potentiodynamic polarization technique to determine the pitting potential of the material. The electrolyte studied was 3.5% w/v sodium chloride aqueous solution. The lean duplex steel welded by GMAW process with consumable with 22%Cr9%Ni3%Mo showed the best behavior against corrosion in saline solution. The root of the weld region had the highest pitting potential compared to the top of the welded joints. The lean duplex steel joints welded using FCAW process showed a behavior characteristic of general corrosion in the medium of saline solution, unlike the other samples.

Palavras-chave : Lean duplex; Multipass Welding; Corrosion; Potentiodynamic Polarization.

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