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Soldagem & Inspeção

versão impressa ISSN 0104-9224versão On-line ISSN 1980-6973

Resumo

GUZMAN-FLORES, Isidro et al. Effect of Torch Weaving on the Microstructure, Tensile and Impact Resistances, and Fracture of the HAZ and Weld Bead by Robotic GMAW Process on ASTM A36 Steel. Soldag. insp. [online]. 2017, vol.22, n.1, pp.72-86. ISSN 0104-9224.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-9224/si2201.08.

The effect of torch weaving on the microstructure, tensile strength, impact resistance and fracturing in robotic welded joints using varing welding speeds, voltages and currents was evaluated through fractography using scanning electron microscopy, tension, impact and micro-hardness tests and optic microscopy. Results indicated that linear, sinusoidal and circular weavings favored an increase of the width of the HAZ as well as a slight increase in yield resistance accompanied by hardening in comparison with a triangular weave. The latter favored larger impact energy in the HAZ with less width, containing coarse-grained ferrite due to lower tensile strength and Vickers hardness. A circular weave generated the highest level of hardening and the lowest energy absorbed in the HAZ as a consequence of an increase in yield strength related to the fine needles of acicular ferrite. A linear weave favored the greatest width of the HAZ compared with other weld weavings due to heat accumulation along the fusion line of the welded joint. Hardening and loss of toughness were evaluated through fractographic analysis showing mixed fractures mainly composed of brittle fracturing made by transgranular cleavages with facets containing well defined river patterns.

Palavras-chave : HAZ; Cleavage fracture; Robotic welding; Torch weaving; ASTM A36 steel.

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