Print version ISSN 0104-9313
HAMBERGER, Klaus. Por uma teoria espacial do parentesco. Mana [online]. 2005, vol.11, n.1, pp. 155-199. ISSN 0104-9313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-93132005000100006.
Starting from some crucial formal similarities between kinship and space structures (both being conceived of as structures of mutual perception relations), the article proposes to treat matrimonial and residential organization as forming one single system, no part of which can be properly understood if taken in isolation. From such a perspective, the manifold empirical combinations of marriage and residence patterns present themselves as different solutions to the same problem: the problem of linking localized kin groups by continuously sending members from one group into another, without thereby detaching the "mobile" members from their kin. According as how kinship and its transmission are conceived, three basic types of solutions present themselves, each giving rise to a different model of marriage and residence organization. These models are applied to ethnographic evidence from four different parts of the world (Eastern Indonesia, Central Brazil, Missouri Valley and Guinea Coast).
Keywords : Kinship; Space; Residence; Marriage; Structural Anthropology.