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Mana

versão impressa ISSN 0104-9313versão On-line ISSN 1678-4944

Resumo

ESTIVAL, Jean-Pierre. Memória, emoção, cognição nos cantos irade dos Ayoré do Chaco Boreal. Mana [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.2, pp.315-332. ISSN 0104-9313.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-93132006000200003.

Among the Ayoré of the Chaco, one genre of music is separate from all the rest: irade, narrative songs whose themes always revolve around unrequited love, warrior deeds, or a shaman's vision. These songs are opposed to other sung or narrated forms in the following ways: a) they are publicly executed in an emotional fashion and received in an emotional manner by the public; b) they narrate happenings which are acknowledged by the members of the community as having occurred; and c) they have no curative, propitiating, or cursing dimension. A review of the cognitive sciences, musical memory and the songs in question permits us to see that the Ayoré have made a judicious cultural choice regarding the irade's performance: the conditions under which the songs are sung aid their insertion into the audience's memory, creating in this way a form of "shared collective memory" at the local group level.

Palavras-chave : Ayoré; Chaco; Songs; Musical memory; Cognitive sciences.

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