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Mana

versão impressa ISSN 0104-9313

Resumo

CASTRO, Eduardo Viveiros de. “Transformação” na antropologia, transformação da “antropologia”. Mana [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp. 151-171. ISSN 0104-9313.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-93132012000100006.

Here we evoke the general lines of development of the author's academic work, which has been dedicated to the elaboration of two theories with regard to American societies: a sociological theory, that establishes ties of affinity as the generic scheme for indigenous social relations; and a cosmological theory that proposes to redistribute the values western metaphysics attribute to the catego­ries of Nature and Culture. We then examine the three basic actional schemes of the key concept of "transformation" within anthropological discourse: an "accusatorial" scheme, an "ergative" scheme and a "reflexive" scheme. The last of these three schemes opens the way for a symmetrical or reverse anthropology that allows us to create an effective gene­ralization of the discipline's project.

Palavras-chave : Anthropology; Transformation; Colonialism; Ecology; History.

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