Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil
versão impressa ISSN 0301-8059
ALMEIDA, José E. M.; ALVES, Sérgio B.; MOINO JR., Alcides e LOPES, Rogério B.. Control of the termite Heterotermes tenuis (Hagen) using termitrap baits with inseticides associated with the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill.. An. Soc. Entomol. Bras. [online]. 1998, vol.27, n.4, pp. 639-644. ISSN 0301-8059. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0301-80591998000400017.
The control of the termite Heterotermes tenuis (Hagen) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) was evaluated using the bait/trap Termitrap impregnated with insecticides in low concentrations and associated to the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. isolate 634 (from Solenopsis invicta F. Smith) in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). The experiment was conducted in Rio Claro-SP, in a sugarcane field highly infested with termites. The treatments consisted of: imidacloprid 0,01%; imidacloprid 0,01% + B. bassiana; WG 0,003%; WG 0,003% + B. bassiana; B. bassiana; and Untreated control. Each treatment was replicated five times. The insecticides were impregnated on baits by immersion in water, being their concentrations calculated according to the weigth of the bait, and the B. bassiana was applied as pure conidia (109 conidia/bait). The research was conducted during November 1996 through April 1997. The evaluations were made after 15, 30, 41, 63, 86 e 136 days by assigning indexes to populations levels. All treatments significantly reduced termite populations when compared to the control. However, it took longer for B. bassiana alone to reduced H. tenuis population. The treatments with imidacloprid and WG were the most efficient in the control of termites in sugarcane. The baits/traps did not repel the termites.
Palavras-chave : Insecta; termite; entomopathogenic fungus; insecticides; baits; sugarcane.