Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil
On-line version ISSN 1981-5328
TAUFER, Maristela; NASCIMENTO, Jurema C. do; CRUZ, Ivana B. M. da and OLIVEIRA, Alice K. de. Effect of temperature on ovarian maturation and longevity of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae). An. Soc. Entomol. Bras. [online]. 2000, vol.29, n.4, pp. 639-648. ISSN 1981-5328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0301-80592000000400003.
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied.) shows a populational fluctuation related to the year season in Southern Brazil. Adults cannot be colected by means of conventional methods of capture in the winter. Even with the use of special traps, a very low number of adults is caught. Two hypothesis are pointed out to explain the increase of the population at spring: a) adults migrate from neighbouring areas with temperature more favourable during winter, and b) some individuals that can survive the critical period develop a differential metabolic regulation. In this paper the second hypothesis was tested by studying the effect of four temperatures (9, 13, 20 and 25ºC) on ovarian maturation and longevity of the females. Only at 25 and 20ºC ovarian maturation has occurred. The life expectancy was larger in the intermediate temperatures (20 and 13ºC) than in the extreme temperatures (25 and 9ºC). The relation between ovarian maturation and longevity was observed at 25 and 20ºC, although at 25ºC the ovarian maturation was faster, but the life expectancy was lower. Therefore, the hypothesis of developmental regulation cannot be discarded as a populational mechanism in A. fraterculus for its populational increase in the months subsequent to the winter.
Keywords : Insecta; fruit fly; ovary; expectation of life.