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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Ocupacional

versión impresa ISSN 0303-7657versión On-line ISSN 2317-6369

Resumen

STOTZ, Eduardo Navarro  y  PINA, Jose Augusto. Working class experience and science in the struggle for health and social emancipation. Rev. bras. saúde ocup. [online]. 2017, vol.42, e12.  Epub 30-Oct-2017. ISSN 2317-6369.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-6369000024616.

As a contribution for the field of Collective Health/Workers’ Health, this essay develops a reflection on the relationship between the working class experience and science in the struggle for health and social emancipation. We start with the question - Can capitalist production and health be compatible? - to point out, in the first part, the prevailing response offered nowadays by the Brazilian trade union movement. In the second and third sections, we analyze some studies referring to the historical experience of workers’ confrontation to capital, especially in Italy in the 1960s-1970s, to think about both the answers to the proposed question and the theory and practice relationship. Then, we discuss the contributions and limits of the Italian worker’s struggle for the Health Model. This legacy enables us to restore the meaning of class in the science and experience relationship. In the sixth part, we present experiences of the Brazilian workers’ health struggle as resistance to capitalist exploitation, and we return to the initial question. We highlight, in the pointed out problematic, the meanings of “right to health” and of health, understood as working class struggle, acquired within the spheres of knowledge production and health actions.

Palabras clave : science and working class experience; workers’ health; capitalism and health; Italian working class model.

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