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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
HADDAD JUNIOR, Vidal. Cutaneous infections and injuries caused by traumatic and venomous animals which occurred in domestic and commercial aquariums in Brazil: a study of 18 cases and an overview of the theme. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2004, vol.79, n.2, pp. 157-167. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962004000200004.
BACKGROUND: Among the recreation activities that more they grew in the last years, the aquarism wins every day new followers in Brazil. Impelled by beautiful fish, plants and decoration objects, the habit involves problems, as infections and poisonings that happen after scratches, wounds and other traumas in animals or objects of the aquariums. OBJECTIVES: This article points the animals and the clinical aspects frequently involved with these injuries, the skin infections found after traumas in aquariums and the therapeutic and preventive measures for control of the problem. METHODS: A prospective study was accomplished for three years for the detection of injuries for animals and infections appeared after traumas in aquariums. These data served as base for epidemiologic, clinical and therapeutic studies. RESULTS: IIn a study of 300 injuries for aquatic animals, poisonous animals in aquariums caused 12 or 4% of the total. Five bacterial infections and one fungic infection were identified after trauma in aquariums. CONCLUSIONS: The injuries in domestic and commercial aquariums are relatively common and they can transmit infections and to cause wounds for poisonous or traumatic animals. The owners of aquariums rarely have information on these injuries. The authors supply the species of microorganisms and animals more frequently involved with skin injuries and the therapeutic and preventive measures appropriate to the handling of the problem.
Keywords : Brazil; wounds and injuries; infection; skin manifestations; fishes, poisonous.