Services on Demand
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
SUEHARA, Letícia Yumi; SIMONE, Karine and MAIA, Marcus. Evaluation of facial aging related to cigarette smoking. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2006, vol.81, n.1, pp.34-39. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962006000100004.
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for several chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular and lung diseases, and skin aging. OBJECTIVE:To compare the facial skin of smokers and nonsmokers. METHODS: The survey included 77 patients aged 40-60 years and excluded those who had been submitted to esthetic facial treatment, who had been exposed to sun over 2 hours/day and who were alcoholic. There were 34 smokers and 43 nonsmokers. The skin alterations were evaluated and classified according to Model (smoker's face). The patients were assessed considering sex, race, age and pack-years of smoking. RESULTS: We compared the total score of smoker's face in the two groups: smokers and nonsmokers, the latter had less alterations of the skin (p=0.021). There were significant statistical differences as to age (p=0.004) race (p<0.01). No differences were observed regarding sex and pack-years of smoking. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that cigarette smoking (odds ratio (OR)=3.49), race (OR=8.10) and age (OR=1.21) were independent factors for facial aging. CONCLUSION: Cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for facial aging. This finding could be useful in antismoking campaigns, especially those more interested in appearance than in internal damage.
Keywords : Face; Skin aging; Smoking; Tobacco.