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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
HSIEH, Ricardo et al. Genetic analysis of p16 gene by PCR-SSCP technique and protein p16 expression in oral mucosa and skin melanomas. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2006, vol.81, n.5, pp. 433-441. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962006000500005.
BACKGROUND: Deletion and mutation of gene CDKN2a, which encodes a specific inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), the protein p16, has been regarded as related to cutaneous melanoma tumorigenesis. However, little is known about those alterations in oral mucosa melanomas. OBJECTIVES: To verify possible p16 gene mutations and its protein expression in sporadic melanomas in oral mucosa and skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 36 primary sporadic melanoma paraffin-embedded specimens (seven oral mucosa and 29 skin lesions) were subjected to molecular analysis of exons 1, 2 and 3 of p16 gene using polymerase chain reaction/single strand conformational polymorphism technique. p16 protein expression was demonstrated by an immunohistochemical technique. Data obtained were correlated with tumor thickness. RESULTS: Five out of seven oral melanomas, and 17 out of 29 skin lesions displayed signs of alteration in p16 gene molecular analysis. Alterations in exon 2 of p16 gene were the most frequent. Protein p16 expression was observed in only one oral melanoma and in 10/13 (76.9%) skin melanomas up to 1.0 mm-thick and in 7/8 (87.5%) lesions thicker than 1.0 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Frequency of alterations disclosed by p16 gene molecular analysis in oral mucosa melanomas was 71.42% and 58.6% in cutaneous lesions. The obtained data suggest that p16 gene alterations play a role in the pathogenesis of sporadic melanoma of the oral mucosa. Neither protein p16 expression, nor p16 gene alteration had correlation with tumor thickness.
Keywords : Genes, p16; Immunohistochemistry; Melanoma; Molecular biology.