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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
FACINA, Anamaria da Silva et al. Capillaroscopy findings in lupus erythematosus. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2006, vol.81, n.6, pp. 527-532. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962006000600003.
BACKGROUND: Capillaroscopy is an useful diagnostic tool that is non-invasive, reproducible, able to assess the capillaries in the periungal region and that assists in the differential diagnosis of connective tissue diseases. OBJETIVES: The aim of the study was to distinguish chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus from controls assessed by nailfold capillaroscopy. METHODS: Seventy patients with lupus erythematosus (37 with chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus and 33 with systemic lupus erythematosus) were studied by the technique of capillary microscopy and compared to 32 controls. RESULTS: The presence of ectatic (p=0.027; p=0.001), meandering (p=0.001; p=0.007), corkscrew capillaries (p=0.011; p=0.005) and nailfold bleeding (p=0.004; p=0.001) distinguished between the two groups of patients (chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus) from controls. The variable meandering loops could be predictive for systemic lupus erythematosus (OR=8.308). The independent variables ectatic loops (OR=12.164) end nailfold bleedings (OR=5.652) were predictive for chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. CONCLUSIONS: Capillaroscopy can help in the management of patients, since the presence of typical capillaroscopic abnormalities seems to be related to the development of lupus erythematosus. The independent predictive variables for systemic lupus erythematosus were meandering loops, and, for chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus, ectasic loops and nailfold bleedings.
Keywords : Capillaries; Lupus erythematosus, discoid; Lupus erythematosus, systemic; Microscopic angioscopy.