Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
LAI-CHEONG, Joey E and MCGRATH, John A.. Advances in understanding the genetic basis of inherited single gene skin barrier disorders: new clues to key genes that may be involved in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2006, vol.81, n.6, pp. 567-571. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962006000600009.
Increasing knowledge of genomic DNA sequences and genetic databases has led to the characterization of the molecular basis of several inherited skin disorders. In this review we summarize some of the major recent discoveries that have been made in defining the pathogenic mutations that cause inherited disorders of the skin barrier leading to skin scaling or increased transepidermal water loss in either rare disorders (Nethertons syndrome or harlequin ichthyosis) or more common genodermatoses (ichthyosis vulgaris). These molecular breakthroughs have led to more accurate diagnoses, better genetic counselling and, where appropriate, the feasibility of DNA-based prenatal diagnosis, as well as the possibility of developing newer forms of treatment, including gene or protein therapy. Identifying the molecular basis of these conditions, especially ichthyosis vulgaris, has also provided dramatic new insight into the genetic abnormalities in the common disorder, atopic dermatitis. Thus research on the relatively rare single gene inherited skin disorders not only has benefits for patients and their families with these uncommon conditions but also has the potential to yield fresh and significant new information about very common skin diseases.
Keywords : Eczema; Epidermis; Ichthyosis; Mutation.