Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
FERREIRA, Flávia Regina and NASCIMENTO, Luiz Fernando C.. Skin cancer in Taubaté (SP) - Brazil, from 2001 to 2005: a prevalence study. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2008, vol.83, n.4, pp. 317-322. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962008000400005.
BACKGROUND: Cancer represents the third principal cause of death in Brazil. Skin is the most frequent location and about 50% of caucasian patients older than sixty years will develop some type of cutaneous cancer. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the individuals with skin cancer assisted at the University Hospital of Taubaté in the period between 2001 and 2005. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving individuals assisted at the Dermatology Department at the University Hospital of Taubaté in the period between January 2001 to December 2005 was performed. Study variables were gender, age, skin color, location and clinical type of the tumor: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, combined and melanoma. Statistical analyses were performed using qui-square, Students t-test and ANOVA. RESULTS: A total of 639 individuals were included in the study. Prevalence was 50 cases/100.000 inhabitants. The most prevalent age group was that of individuals older than sixty years of age, gender distribution was higher among females than males (57.2% / 42.8%) and the proportion of white to non-white was of 4:1. CONCLUSION: This study fills a gap that was due to the inexistence of studies in the region and also to the small number of studies in the state of São Paulo, and its results are in accordance with those in the literature.
Keywords : Carcinoma, basal cell; Carcinoma, squamous cell; Melanoma; Skin neoplasms.