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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
FERNANDES, Juliana Dumet; MACHADO, Maria Cecília Rivitti and OLIVEIRA, Zilda Najjar Prado de. Pathogenesis of napkin dermatitis: part I. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2008, vol.83, n.6, pp.567-571. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962008000600012.
Irritant contact dermatitis is the most prevalent diaper dermatitis and, probably, the most common cause of skin disease in infancy. The wearing of diaper leads to overhydration, increased local temperature and humidity. Constant maceration and prolonged contact with urine and stools makes the skin under the diaper more susceptible. There is often secondary infection due to Candida or bacteria, such as Bacillus faecallis, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus e Streptococcus. Oils, soaps, powders and ointments can be irritants and aggravate the rash. It is important to know the pathophysiology of the disease for appropriate treatment and prevention
Keywords : Candida; Diaper rash; Diaper rash [pathophysiology].